Ukraine continues to be trapped in its long statelessness. The historical errors that were made by the country’s national elite are often listed among the reasons why the national state is not valued. A postcolonial syndrome is also among them. Still, Ukraine need not abandon its history, but rather formulate an approach towards critical historical events. Today there is a lack of understanding of the national interest as the basis for internal stability, although defining the national interest is the basis for survival. This article looks at what are Ukraine’s national interests, who should define them, and how they might be formulated. How sufficient is the level of awareness of the national interests among the national elite? How can these interests be implemented? What can be done to make Ukraine resilient?