At a time when Russia has become more assertive to the point of challenging the mainstay of the international order, it helped establish since 1945, and Turkey seeks to maintain the status quo in the realm of maritime security, the European Union struggles to define its foreign policy objectives and priorities towards the Eastern Neighborhood, and thereby show its gravitas. Consequently, the Black Sea region finds itself more divided, unsteady, and uncertain about its future as regional actors such as Ukraine and Georgia have cast aside their balancing acts towards a turn to the EU and NATO with negative territorial implications. Thus, the fluidity of the international order raises doubts as to whether regionalism is a realistic prospect in this region or it needs to be replaced by another model of regional governance.

Dimitrios Triantaphyllou, PhD, is an associate professor of International Relations and the director of the Center for International and European Studies (CIES) at Kadir Has University (Turkey). He has previously served in a number of policy and academic positions including at the EU Institute for Security Studies, Paris; the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, Athens; the Hellenic Observatory at the London School of Economics; the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the International Center for Black Sea Studies, Athens; and the University of the Aegean, Rhodes. He is an associate editor of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies (SSCIindexed) and a member of the Advisory Boards of the Black Sea Trust, Bucharest; the International Institute for Peace, Vienna; the Corporate Social Responsibility Association of Turkey, Istanbul; and UA: Ukraine Analytica.

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