Russian propaganda and information operations, or more accurately political warfare, in the West and near abroad have been covered extensively. Neither is it a new phenomenon, having a century-long history going back to the Bolsheviks in the early 20th century. However, Russian operations outside these areas received little attention. Therefore, in this paper Russian propaganda and information operations in and against Turkey will be examined. This paper argues that Russia is winning the propaganda war in Turkey and that does not bode well for the future of international order and the transatlantic alliance.

Balkan Devlen is Associate Professor and Marie Sklodowska Curie Fellow in the Department of Political Science at University of Copenhagen. His research focuses on the role of individual leaders in foreign policy, the future of international order, and political warfare. He was a Black Sea Young Reformers Fellow in 2012. For more information on his research visit

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