Ukraine Analytica 5(27)

RUSSIA’S WAR ON THE INTERNET

Russia’s most recent aggression has resulted in its geopolitical, financial, economic, as well as online isolation. Russia’s Internet is changing rapidly due to censorship and surveillance regulation; laws introducing technical requirements for the independent functioning of the Internet; Western sanctions; and the exit of key IT providers from the Russian market. But efforts to create a self-reliant Russian Internet are not new. Over the last decade, Russia has introduced regulations to shape a distinct online sphere. This paper provides an overview of Russian Internet governance, examines the cyber aspect of the ongoing war, and analyses the current developments and their effects on cyberbalkanisation.

Russia’s most recent aggression has resulted in its geopolitical, financial, economic, as well as online isolation. Russia’s Internet is changing rapidly due to censorship and surveillance regulation; laws introducing technical requirements for the independent functioning of the Internet; Western sanctions; and the exit of key IT providers from the Russian market. But efforts to create a self-reliant Russian Internet are not new. Over the last decade, Russia has introduced regulations to shape a distinct online sphere. This paper provides an overview of Russian Internet governance, examines the cyber aspect of the ongoing war, and analyses the current developments and their effects on cyberbalkanisation.
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Verena M. Wingerter is a Threat Intelligence Researcher for the Deutsche Cyber-Sicherheitsorganisation (DCSO), where she covers cyber policy and strategy as well as Russian threat activities. She holds an MA in International Affairs from the Hertie School and a BA in Governance from the Albert-Ludwigs-University. She has also studied at the George Washington University, United States, and at MGIMO, Russia.


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