The article presents a study of legal aspects of the Budapest Memorandum, the only document that Ukraine at the outset of its independence was able to win in exchange for the voluntary abandonment of the nuclear arsenal. While Russia violated its obligations by annexing Crimea and unleashing military aggression, Western “guarantors” fail to counter Russia. An analysis of the BM gives proves that it is a full-fledged legally binding international treaty. Failure of international guarantees of territorial integrity of Ukraine is a destabilizing factor resulting in NP regimes’ erosion because of formation of profound distrust of international guarantees, which in the face of aggression and disregard for international norms demonstrate their helplessness.

Ihor Lossovskyi, Ph.D., Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Envoy of Ukraine of the First Class. He is currently a Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine for Ethnic Policy and Freedom of Conscience. He occupied different diplomatic positions in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine from 1993 to 2021, including Consul General of Ukraine in Toronto, Canada (2002-2006), Ambassador of Ukraine to Malaysia (2009-2010), and Ambassador at Large with the Ukrainian MFA (2014-2016). Dr Lassovskyi has an M.Sc. from T. Shevchenko Kyiv National University (1979) and an MPA from Ukraine National Academy of Public Administration under the President of Ukraine (2006). In 1989, he obtained a Ph.D. from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Dr. Lossovskyi is the author of about 150 research articles and 3 monographs in the field of international relations, regional security, the foreign policy of Ukraine, Russia and the Asia- Pacific, as well as 30 research works in the field of oil and gas exploration, and energy security.

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