The article is focused on the role of the EU in resolving crisis around the Iranian nuclear programme. It covers the period starting from 2003, when the Iranian nuclear programme was revealed, and is divided into five stages of the involvement of European states in the Iranian crisis resolution. The fifth stage is still in process and demonstrates the EU attempts to save the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action after the US withdrawal. One of the current mechanisms mentioned in this article is INSTEX, aimed at trading with Iran bypassing the US sanctions.
Dr. Polina Sinovets works as the Associate Professor at the Department of International Relations, Institute of Social Sciences, Odessa National I.I. Mechnikov University. Since 2015 Dr. Sinovets heads Odessa Center for Nonproliferation. A member of PONARS Eurasia. Main fields of research interest: nuclear nonproliferation and regional challenges, deterrence, nuclear history of states upon which Dr. Sinovets has published over 50 articles. An author of the monographs: “Double-Faced Yanus or Nuclear Deterrence Theory in the 21st century” and “Deterrence and the Nuclear Superpowers After the Cold War”. Graduate of “The Study of the CNS NIS Visiting Fellowship Program of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute for International Studies (2006), “US Institute on National Security Policymaking” program, sponsored by the US State department (2012) as well as NATO Defense College Fellowship (2015).